Tuesday, July 21, 2020

Nearly Half the 75-Plus Population Has a Disability

Forty-one million Americans have a disability, according to the Census Bureau's 2018 American Community Survey—12.6 percent of the total population. The percentage of people with a disability rises with age, from less than 1 percent of children under age 5 to nearly half the population aged 75 or older.

Percent of Americans with a disability by type and age, 2018

all ages    75-plus
Any disability  12.6%      47.5%
  Hearing difficulty    3.6      21.7
  Vision difficulty    2.4        9.0
  Cognitive difficulty    5.1      13.1
  Ambulatory difficulty    6.8      31.0
  Self care difficulty    2.6      12.8
  Independent living difficulty    5.8      23.4
Note: Ambulatory difficulty is serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs. Self care difficulty is difficulty dressing or bathing. Independent living difficulty is difficulty doing errands such as visiting a doctor or shopping.

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