Thursday, June 10, 2021

Foreign-Born Work Force Declined in 2020

The total number of workers in the U.S. labor force fell by 2.8 million in 2020 because of the Covid-19 pandemic. Foreign-born workers accounted for a disproportionate 38 percent of the decline—a loss of 1.1 million foreign-born workers. Consequently, the foreign-born share of the U.S. labor force fell from 17.4 percent in 2019 to 17.0 percent in 2020. 

Not surprisingly, Asian and Hispanic workers are mostly likely to be foreign-born. Among Asians in the labor force, 68.5 percent are foreign-born. Among Hispanics, the figure is 45 percent. 

By age, the foreign-born share of the labor force peaks at 21 to 22 percent among 35-to-54-year-olds. It is smallest among the youngest workers. Only 8 percent of workers aged 16 to 24 are foreign-born. 

The foreign-born share of the labor force also varies by educational attainment, with the foreign-born accounting for the majority of workers without a high school diploma...

Foreign-born share of the U.S. labor force by educational attainment, 2020
54.7% of those without a high school diploma
18.1% of those with a high school diploma and no further education
11.4% of those with some college or an associate's degree
17.2% of those with a bachelor's degree or more education

Wednesday, June 09, 2021

822,000 New Single-Family Houses Sold in 2020

822,000: that's the number of new single-family houses sold in 2020—the most since 2006 and more than twice the number sold a decade ago in 2010, in the aftermath of the Great Recession.  

The median sales price of new single-family houses sold climbed to $336,900 in 2020. While this was higher than the median price in 2019, it was less than the 2017 record high of $341,200, after adjusting for inflation...

Median sales price of new single-family houses sold, 2005 to 2020 (in 2020 dollars)
2020: $336,900
2019: $325,500
2018: $336,400
2017: $341,200 (record high)
2016: $331,900
2015: $321,300
2011: $261,400 (post Great Recession low)
2010: $263,300
2005: $319,200 (pre Great Recession high)

Nearly all (96 percent) of new single-family homes sold in 2020 were air conditioned. This figure is up from 63 percent in 1978, the first year of the Census Bureau's data series. 

New single-family houses sold in 2020 had a median of 2,333 square feet, almost identical to the 2,322 median size in 2019. In 2015 and 2016, the median size of new single-family houses sold exceeded 2,500 square feet. 

Source: Census Bureau, Characteristics of New Housing

Tuesday, June 08, 2021

The Unvaccinated Are Least Likely to Wear Face Masks

Americans who have been fully vaccinated against the coronavirus are almost guaranteed to be safe from the potentially fatal illness. Yet, they are also the ones most likely to continue to wear face masks, according to a Gallup survey. Take a look...

Use of face mask in past 7 days by vaccination status, May 2021
90% of those who are fully vaccinated
88% of those who plan to get vaccinated
80% of those who are partially vaccinated
49% of those who do not plan to get vaccinated

This is not the only eyebrow-raising statistic from the Gallup survey. Between April 2021 and May 2021, the share of the unvaccinated who have used a face mask in the past seven days fell by a full 10 percentage points—from 59 to 49 percent. Among the fully vaccinated, the decline in face mask use was a smaller 5 percentage points. 

The anti-vaxers who have thrown away their masks might want to consider a Washington Post analysis of Covid infection rates among the unvaccinated. Case rates are as high as they were near the January peak of Covid infections, the Post reports. "The virus continues to rage among those who haven't received a shot."

Monday, June 07, 2021

YouTube is Most Popular Social Media Platform

The great majority of the American public (72 percent of people aged 18 or older) use social media platforms, according to a Pew Research Center survey. The most popular site is YouTube, followed by Facebook—the only two sites used by the majority of adults...

Percent of people aged 18 or older who say they ever use...
YouTube: 81%
Facebook: 69%
Instagram: 40%
Pinterest: 31%
LinkedIn: 28%
Snapchat: 25%
Twitter: 23%
WhatsApp: 23%
TikTok: 21%
Reddit: 18%
Nextdoor: 13%

Young adults aged 18 to 29 are the ones most likely to use most of the social media platforms, including YouTube (95 percent), Instagram (71 percent), Snapchat (65 percent), TikTok (48 percent), Twitter (42 percent), and Reddit (36 percent). 

People aged 30 to 49 are the ones most likely to use Facebook (77 percent), LinkedIn (36 percent), and WhatsApp (30 percent).

People aged 50 to 64 are the ones most likely to use Pinterest (38 percent).

People aged 30 to 64 are the ones most likely to use Nextdoor (16 to 17 percent).

Source: Pew Research Center, Social Media Use in 2021

Thursday, June 03, 2021

77% Have Received at least One Dose of Vaccine

Seventy-seven percent of adults say they have received at least one dose of a Covid-19 vaccine, according to the Census Bureau's Household Pulse Survey. The latest survey was fielded May 12-24. The 77 percent who reported having gotten at least one dose of the vaccine as of May 24 is up slightly from the 75 percent who reported having done so in early May. 

Percent who have received at least one dose of Covid vaccine as of May 12-24
Total 18-plus: 77%
Aged 18 to 24: 66%
Aged 25 to 39: 67%
Aged 40 to 54: 76%
Aged 55 to 64: 84%
Aged 65-plus: 90%

There is no change in the number who say they probably/definitely will not get the vaccine. During this round of the survey, 28 million said no. Another 14 million say they are unsure about getting the vaccine.  

There are 17 million adults (7 percent of the population) who say they "definitely will not" get the vaccine, almost the same numbers as in the previous survey. By race and Hispanic origin, 8 percent of non-Hispanic whites say they definitely will not get the vaccine, 7 percent of Blacks, 5 percent of Hispanics, and 2 percent of Asians. 

Source: Census Bureau, Household Pulse Survey, May 12-24

Wednesday, June 02, 2021

The Decline in Men's Earnings, 1988—2018

The earnings of men are not what they used to be. According to data collected by the Social Security Administration, here is how the earnings of men aged 20 to 59 have changed in the past 30 years, from 1988 to 2018 (in 2018 dollars)...

Median annual earnings of men in 2018 (and percent change since 1988; in 2018 dollars)
Aged 20 to 29: $25,507 (-5.4%)
Aged 30 to 39: $47,895 (-6.4%)
Aged 40 to 49: $57,779 (-10.5%)
Aged 50 to 59: $57,518 (-7.3%)

Note: Earnings are all wages, salaries, and self-employment income in Social Security covered and non-covered employment including earnings that exceed the annual taxable maximum. 

Source: Social Security Administration, Earnings of Men Aged 20-59, 1988—2018

Tuesday, June 01, 2021

QAnon Tenets Believed by 15-20% of Americans

An alarmingly large share of the public believes in each of the three tenets of the QAnon conspiracy theory, according to a PRRI survey...

  1. Fifteen percent of Americans believe "the government, media, and financial worlds in the U.S. are controlled by a group of Satan-worshipping pedophiles who run a global child sex trafficking operation." Among Republicans, 23 percent believe this to be true.
  2. Fifteen percent of Americans agree with the statement, "because things have gotten so far off track, true American patriots may have to resort to violence in order to save our country." Among Republicans, the figure is 28 percent.
  3. Twenty percent of Americans believe "there is a storm coming soon that will sweep away the elites in power and restore the rightful leaders." Among Republicans, 28 percent are believers.

Perhaps most worrisome is the belief that violence may be necessary. Fully 42 of those who watch far-right news sources believe true American patriots may have to resort to violence to save our country. Among Fox News viewers, the figure is 27 percent. Among white evangelical protestants, 24 percent. 

Thursday, May 27, 2021

How Many Know Someone Who Is Transgender?

Nearly one-third of Americans aged 18 or older personally know someone who is transgender, according to a Gallup survey. Here's the question asked by Gallup: "Do you have any friends or relatives or coworkers who have told you, personally, that they are transgender?" Young adults are most likely to say yes.

Percent who personally know someone who is transgender
Total 18-plus: 31%
Aged 18 to 29: 50%
Aged 30 to 49: 31%
Aged 50 to 64: 24%
Aged 65-plus: 19%

Wednesday, May 26, 2021

35 Million Report Having Been Diagnosed with Covid-19

Millions of Americans report that they have received a positive Covid-19 diagnosis, according to the Census Bureau's Household Pulse Survey fielded April 28-May 10. Overall, 35 million say they have been diagnosed with Covid—14 percent of the population aged 18 or older. 

Those most likely to have had a Covid diagnosis are Hispanics (22 percent), those without a high school diploma (19 percent), and those living in households with seven or more people (22 percent). Many of these victims are front-line workers exposed to the virus while on the job.

Those least likely to have had a Covid diagnosis are people aged 65 or older (9 percent), college graduates (11 percent), people who live alone (10 percent), and people with household incomes of $200,000 or more (10 percent). Many of these people were able to stay home or work from home during the pandemic, reducing their exposure to the virus.

Percent of adults who have received a positive Covid-19 diagnosis, as of April 28-May 10
Total 18-plus: 13.8%
Aged 18 to 24: 18.1%
Aged 25 to 39: 14.5%
Aged 40 to 54: 16.5%
Aged 55 to 64: 13.4%
Aged 65-plus: 8.8%

Tuesday, May 25, 2021

Blacks and Whites See Things Differently

How serious a problem is racism in the United States? It depends on who you ask. 

Overall, only 30 percent of adults say racism is an "extremely serious" problem, according to an AP-NORC survey fielded April 29-May 3. The 60 percent majority of Blacks say racism is an extremely serious problem. Only 23 percent of whites feel the same way.

For many whites, racism is no big deal. Take a look...

How serious a problem do you think racism is in the United States?
    Blacks    Whites
Extremely      60%        23%
Very      24        28
Moderately      13        29
Not too/not at all        4        20

Another question on the AP-NORC survey asks, "How serious a problem do you think police violence against the public is in the United States?" While 76 percent of Blacks think police violence against the public is a very/extremely serious problem, only 36 percent of whites agree. Whites are more likely to think violence against the police is the bigger problem, with 47 percent feeling that way. 

Source: AP-NORC, George Floyd's Death: One Year Later

Monday, May 24, 2021

75% Have Received at least One Dose of Vaccine

The increase in the percentage of Americans who have been vaccinated against the coronavirus is slowing down. Seventy-five percent of adults say they have received at least one dose of a Covid-19 vaccine, according to the Census Bureau's Household Pulse Survey. The latest survey was fielded April 28-May 10. The 75 percent who reported having gotten at least one dose of the vaccine as of May 10 is up slightly from the 70 percent who reported having done so as of the end of April. 

Percent who have received at least one dose of Covid vaccine as of April 28-May 10
Total 18-plus: 75%
Aged 18 to 24: 61%
Aged 25 to 39: 64%
Aged 40 to 54: 72%
Aged 55 to 64: 83%
Aged 65-plus: 90%

There is not much change in the number who say they probably/definitely will not get the vaccine. During this round of the survey, 28 million said no—down a bit from 29 million at the end of April. Another 16 million say they are unsure about getting the vaccine.  

There are still 18 million adults (7 percent of the population) who say they "definitely will not" get the vaccine, the same as in the previous survey. Among those who say they definitely will not get the vaccine, the three biggest reasons (multiple reasons could be cited) are: 1) don't trust the vaccine (55 percent); 2) concerned about side effects (48 percent); and 3) don't trust the government (46 percent).

Thursday, May 20, 2021

Remarkable Stability in "Doing Okay"

Three out of four adults say they are doing at least okay financially, according to the Federal Reserve Board's Survey of Household Economics and Decisionmaking, fielded in the fourth quarter of 2020. The 75 percent figure is identical to what was reported at the same time one year earlier—before the coronavirus pandemic. 

The Fed's 2020 survey asked Americans about their financial wellbeing not only at the end of 2020, but also at two other times during the year as it tracked the impact of the pandemic on household finances. In April 2020, the percentage who said they were doing at least okay financially dipped to 72 percent. By July, it had climbed to 77 percent. This increase, explains the Fed, "is consistent with some interpretations that many aspects of government stimulus measures...appear to have blunted the negative financial effects of the pandemic for many families."

Here are the percentages of adults who said they were doing at least okay financially as of the fourth quarter of 2020 by selected demographic characteristics, and percentage point change since 2019...

Family income
$100,000 or more: 95% (0)
$50,000 to $99,999: 84% (0)
$25,000 to $49,999: 65% (-2)
Less than $25,000: 52% (0)

Race/ethnicity
Black: 64% (-2)
Hispanic: 64% (-2)
Non-Hispanic white: 80% (+1)

Parental status
No children: 78% (+1)
Children: 67% (-4)

Metro status
Metro area: 76% (0)
Nonmetro area: 69% (-3)

Source: Federal Reserve Board, Economic Well-Being of U.S. Households in 2020

Wednesday, May 19, 2021

Just 51% of Births Are to Non-Hispanic Whites

Non-Hispanic whites still account for the majority of births in the United States, but just barely. Fifty-one percent of the women who gave birth in 2020 were non-Hispanic white. Given that some of these non-Hispanic white mothers are intermarried—meaning their partner is of another race or Hispanic origin—the minority share of the nation's newborns is likely above 50 percent. 

The non-Hispanic white share of births has fallen by 8 percentage points over the past two decades. The Black share has fallen slightly, while the Asian and Hispanic shares have grown...

Percent distribution of births by race/Hispanic origin of mother, 2000, 2010, and 2020
      2020      2010     2000
Total     100.0%     100.0%     100.0%
Asian         6.1         6.2         4.9
Black       14.7       14.7       14.9
Hispanic       24.0       23.6       20.1
Non-Hispanic white       51.0       54.1       58.2
Note: Percentages will not sum to 100 because not all races are shown. 

Source: Demo Memo analysis of the National Center for Health Statistics' Birth Data

Tuesday, May 18, 2021

10% Are Intermarried

Ten percent of marriages are between spouses of two different races or between an Hispanic and a non-Hispanic, according to a Census Bureau analysis of 2016 American Community Survey data. The analysis examined intermarriage patterns among currently married women who have married only once. 

Percent intermarried* by race and Hispanic origin
52.1% of American Indians/Alaska Natives
22.4% of Hispanics
20.6% of Asians
  8.0% of Blacks
  5.1% of non-Hispanic whites

Percent intermarried* by age
16.7% of those aged 15 to 24
15.2% of those aged 25 to 34
13.3% of those aged 35 to 44
10.3% of those aged 45 to 54
  5.9% of those aged 55 or older

Percent intermarried* by education
  7.2% of high school dropouts
  8.1% of high school graduates
11.5% of those with some college
11.3% of those with a bachelor's degree
11.7% of those with a graduate/professional degree

*Among currently married women who have married only once.