Wednesday, August 24, 2016

Early Retirement Peaked in 1995

Baby-Boom men aren't opting for early retirement like their fathers did. Early retirement peaked in 1995, when the labor force participation rate of men aged 62 to 64 (born in 1931-33) fell to an all-time low of 45.0 percent. Today, a larger 55.8 percent of men aged 62 to 64 (born in 1951-53) are in the labor force. Although higher than it was, the current labor force participation rate of men aged 62 to 64 is still well below the rate of the early 1960s, when three out of four were in the labor force.

Labor force participation rate of men aged 62 to 64
2015: 55.8%
2005: 52.5%
1995: 45.0%
1990: 46.5%
1980: 52.6%
1970: 69.4%
1963: 75.8%

Source: Federal Interagency Forum on Aging-Related Statistics, Older Americans 2016: Key Indicators of Well-Being

Tuesday, August 23, 2016

Educational Attainment of Hispanics

Hispanics are the least educated population segment in the United States. More than one-third of Hispanics aged 25 or older (35 percent) do not have a high school diploma, according to a report by the National Center for Education Statistics. This compares with only 16 percent of Blacks, 14 percent of Asians, and 8 percent of non-Hispanic Whites. Among Hispanics, the percentage without a high school diploma varies greatly by ethnicity...

Percent of Hispanics without a high school diploma by ethnic origin
15% of South Americans
21% of Cubans
23% of Puerto Ricans
32% of Dominicans
41% of Mexicans
48% of Salvadorans

Source: National Center for Education Statistics, Status and Trends in the Education of Racial and Ethnic Groups 2016

Monday, August 22, 2016

Educational Attainment of Asians

Asians are the mostly highly educated population segment in the United States. More than half of Asians aged 25 or older (52 percent) have a bachelor's degree, according to a report by the National Center for Education Statistics. This compares with 33 percent of non-Hispanic Whites, 19 percent of Blacks, and 14 percent of Hispanics. Among Asians, the percentage with a bachelor's degree varies greatly by ethnicity...

Percent of Asians with a bachelor's degree by ethnic origin
73% of Asian Indians
54% of Koreans
52% of Chinese
49% of Japanese
48% of Filipinos
28% of Vietnamese

Source: National Center for Education Statistics, Status and Trends in the Education of Racial and Ethnic Groups 2016

Friday, August 19, 2016

Sexual Identity of High School Students

More than 1 in 10 high school students identifies as gay, lesbian, bisexual, or "not sure," according to a government survey. The CDC's Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System survey asked a representative sample of students in grades 9 through 12 about their sexual identity with these results...

Sexual identity of high school students
Heterosexual: 88.8%
Gay or lesbian: 2.0%
Bisexual: 6.0%
Not sure: 3.2%

Among high school girls, 84.5 percent identify themselves as heterosexual or straight. Among high school boys, the figure is 93.1 percent.

Source: CDC, Sexual Identity, Sex of Sexual Contacts, and Health-Related Behaviors among Students in Grades 9–12—United States and Selected Sites, 2015

Thursday, August 18, 2016

Internet Use: Urban vs. Rural

As internet use has become the norm over the years, the gap in internet use between urban and rural residents has remained the same, according to the National Telecommunications and Information Administration. Among Americans aged 3 or older in 2015, 75 percent of those in urban areas used the internet—6 percentage points greater than the 69 percent among rural residents. The same-sized gap existed as far back as 1998, says the NTIA. That's when the NTIA began to collect data on internet use through the biennial Computer and Internet Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey. In the olden days of 1998, 34 percent of urban residents and 28 percent of rural residents used the internet.

Interestingly, the rural-urban gap almost disappears among people with a college degree (88% urban vs. 87% rural). But the gap in internet use widens with less education: 4 percentage points for those with some college (84% urban vs. 80% rural), 6 percentage points for those with a high school diploma only (69% urban vs. 63% rural), and 7 percentage points for those without a high school diploma (59% urban vs. 52% rural).

Urban residents are also more likely to use every type of internet-connected device...

2015 device use by urban (and rural) residents aged 3 or older
Smartphone: 54% (45%)
Laptop computer: 48% (39%)
Desktop computer: 35% (29%)
Tablet computer: 30% (24%)

Source: National Telecommunications and Information Administration, The State of the Urban/Rural Digital Divide

Wednesday, August 17, 2016

4.6 Million Information Technology Workers

The number of Americans employed in information technology has increased 10-fold in the past four-plus decades, according to a Census Bureau report. Only 450,000 workers were employed in IT in 1970. By 2014 the number was 4.6 million, accounting for 2.9 percent of the work force.

There are big differences between IT workers and the labor force as a whole. IT workers are younger: the 55 percent majority are aged 25 to 44 versus 43 percent of all workers. IT workers are less likely to be female: only 25 percent are women versus 47 percent of all workers. Perhaps the biggest difference is in earnings: IT workers earn more than average, and their earnings are growing. Men who work full-time in IT saw their earnings grow 9 percent between 1970 and 2014, after adjusting for inflation. In contrast, earnings fell 12 percent for male workers overall. Women's earnings increased regardless of occupation during those years. In 2014, women in IT earned 80 percent more than the average working woman and 43 percent more than the average working man.

Median earnings of men who work full-time (and % increase since 1970; in 2014 dollars)
IT occupations: $80,895 (+9%)
All occupations: $49,150 (–12%)

Median earnings of women who work full-time (and % increase since 1970; in 2014 dollars)
IT occupations: $70,385 (+23%)
All occupations: $39,055 (+23%)

Source: Census Bureau, Occupations in Information Technology

Tuesday, August 16, 2016

41% of Full-Service Restaurants Are Ethnic

What is the single most popular type of restaurant in the United States? Fast-food restaurants serving hamburgers, of course. There are 53,000 of them, according to the 2012 economic census. They account for 23.6 percent of the nation's 225,000 fast-food restaurants with employees. After hamburgers are sandwich/sub shops (18.5%), pizza (15.8%), Chinese (10.0%), and Mexican (8.8%).

What's the most popular type of full-service restaurant in the United States? The answer is "other ethnic"—a category that includes Thai, Indian, Cambodian, Japanese, Ethiopian, and all other ethnic restaurants except Mexican, Italian, and Chinese. There are 31,000 "other ethnic" restaurants, accounting for 13.5 percent of the nation's 232,000 full-service restaurants with employees. Second in popularity is Mexican (9.4%) followed by Italian (9.2%) and Chinese (8.6%). The four ethnic categories account for a substantial 41 percent of the nation's full-service restaurants.

Source: Census Bureau, 2012 Economic Census

Monday, August 15, 2016

Healthy Heart Scores by Occupation

How do you determine the cardiovascular health of Americans by occupation? You measure seven different cardiovascular health metrics (not smoking, physically active, healthy diet, and normal blood pressure, blood glucose, weight, and cholesterol) of a representative sample of the population and then analyze those metrics by occupation using 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data.

It's not an easy task, but the results are enlightening. Of all workers, one in ten (9.6 percent) have the poorest cardiovascular health—defined as meeting only two or fewer of the seven metrics. By occupation, community and social service workers are most likely to come up short, at 14.6 percent. Transportation and material moving workers had the second poorest performance, with 14.3 percent at greatest risk of cardiovascular disease. At the other extreme, only 5.0 percent of workers in farming, forestry, and fishing, 5.9 percent of workers in arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media, and 7.7 percent of workers in production fell into the poorest cardiovascular health category.

Source: CDC, Cardiovascular Health Status by Occupational Group—21 States, 2013

Friday, August 12, 2016

Population Change, 2014 to 2015

The U.S. population grew by 2.5 million between July 1, 2014 and July 1, 2015, according to the Census Bureau. International migration accounted for 46 percent of the gain. Natural increase (births minus deaths) accounted for 54 percent.

Population change, 2014-15
Total increase: 2,511,419
Natural increase: 1,360,891
Net migration: 1,150,528

Source: Census Bureau, Population Estimates, National Characteristics: Vintage 2015

Thursday, August 11, 2016

Smartphones: #1 Online Device

How Americans go online is changing. Those changes are being documented by the National Telecommunications and Information Administration as it analyzes the biennial Computer and Internet Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey. Among Americans aged 3 or older who go online at home, these are the devices they used in 2015 and 2011...

Go online at home using device, 2015 (and 2011)
Smartphone: 53% (27%)
Laptop computer: 46% (42%)
Desktop computer: 34% (45%)
Tablet computer: 29% (6%)
TV-connected device: 27% (14%)
Wearable device: 1% (0%)

Source: National Telecommunications and Information Administration, Evolving Technologies Change the Nature of Internet Use and Majority of Americans Use Multiple Internet-Connected Devices, Data Shows

Wednesday, August 10, 2016

Height by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2011-14

You can't blame Americans' growing weight on an increase in height because we aren't getting any taller. The average woman aged 20 or older is 63.7 inches tall and her male counterpart is 69.2 inches in height, according to 2011-14 data from the National Center for Health Statistics. The heights of men and women are almost identical to what they were in 1999-2002.

Men's average height by race and Hispanic origin (in inches)
Asian: 67.0
Black: 69.5
Hispanic: 67.4
Non-Hispanic White: 69.7

Women's average height by race and Hispanic origin (in inches)
Asian: 61.8
Black: 64.2
Hispanic: 62.0
Non-Hispanic White: 64.1

Source: National Center for Health Statistics, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, Anthropometric Reference Data for Children and Adults: United States, 2011-2014

Tuesday, August 09, 2016

Average Weight by Age, 2011-2014

The average woman weighed 168.5 pounds in 2011-14, according to the National Center for Health Statistics, five-plus pounds more than the 163.3 of 1999-2002. The average man weighed 195.7 pounds in 2011-14, also five-plus pounds more than the 190.4 pounds of 1999-2002. These numbers come from weigh-ins of a representative sample of the population performed in mobile examination units across the country. Weight peaks among men in their forties and women in their fifties...

Men's average weight by age (pounds)
Aged 20-plus: 195.7
Aged 20 to 29: 186.8
Aged 30 to 39: 198.8
Aged 40 to 49: 201.7
Aged 50 to 59: 199.5
Aged 60 to 69: 199.7
Aged 70 to 79: 189.3
Aged 80-plus: 174.6

Women's average weight by age (pounds)
Aged 20-plus: 168.5
Aged 20 to 29: 161.8
Aged 30 to 39: 172.9
Aged 40 to 49: 173.1
Aged 50 to 59: 174.4
Aged 60 to 69: 168.8
Aged 70 to 79: 165.8
Aged 80-plus: 141.9

Source: National Center for Health Statistics, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, Anthropometric Reference Data for Children and Adults: United States, 2011-2014

Monday, August 08, 2016

11% Have Private Long-Term Care Insurance

Only 11 percent of adults aged 65 or older have private, long-term care insurance, according to an Urban Institute analysis of Health and Retirement Study data. Even among older Americans with a net worth of $1 million or more, only 25 percent have insurance...

People aged 65-plus with private, long-term care insurance by net worth
Less than $50,000: 3%
$50,000 to $99,999: 4%
$100,000 to $499,999: 8%
$500,000 to $999,999: 20%
$1,000,000 or more: 25%

Source: Urban Institute, Who Is Covered by Private Long-Term Care Insurance?

Friday, August 05, 2016

Hate-Related Words at School

One in four teenagers aged 12 to 18 saw hate-related graffiti at school in 2013, according to a survey by the National Center for Education Statistics. Seven percent say they were called a hate-related word. The percentage of students who have experienced hate-related graffiti or hate-related words has declined over the past decade...

Percent seeing hate-related graffiti at school
2013: 25%
2003: 36%

Percent called a hate-related word at school
2013: 7%
2003: 12%

Among those who were called hate-related words in 2013, 50 percent said the words were about their race, 29 percent their ethnicity, 18 percent their religion, 16 percent their sexual orientation, 15 percent their gender, and 12 percent their disability. (Note: numbers sum to more than 100 percent because students could report being called more than one hate-related word).

Source: National Center for Education Statistics, Trends in Hate-Related Words at School Among Students Ages 12 to 18