Friday, September 23, 2016

11.1 Million Undocumented Immigrants

The number of undocumented immigrants in the United States has been stable for the past few years, according to a Pew Research Center analysis of American Community Survey data. In 2014, there were an estimated 11.1 million undocumented immigrants in the country, down from a peak of 12.2 million in 2007. Here are a few of the findings from Pew's comprehensive examination of the unauthorized immigrant population in 2014...

  • Unauthorized immigrants have been in the U.S. a median of 13.6 years.
  • Just over half are from Mexico (5.8 million). 
  • The number of unauthorized immigrants from Mexico has fallen since peaking at 6.9 million in 2007, while the number from other countries has grown. 
  • Unauthorized immigrants account for 26% of the nation's 43.6 million foreign-born.
  • Most unauthorized immigrants live in six states: California, Texas, Florida, New York, New Jersey, and Illinois.

Source: Pew Research Center, Overall Number of U.S. Unauthorized Immigrants Holds Steady Since 2009

Thursday, September 22, 2016

How Many Have Dementia?

Half of nursing home residents have Alzheimer's or dementia, according to a government report on long-term care. But most people with dementia live in their community. Overall, 10 percent of Medicare beneficiaries aged 65 or older who are not living in a nursing home have dementia. Here are the percentages by age...

Percent with dementia*
Aged 65 to 69: 3.6%
Aged 70 to 74: 4.8%
Aged 75 to 79: 9.9%
Aged 80 to 84: 15.3%
Aged 85 to 89: 24.0%
Aged 90-plus: 36.2%

* Among non-nursing home population
Source: Federal Interagency Forum on Aging-Related Statistics, Older Americans 2016: Key Indicators of Well-Being

Wednesday, September 21, 2016

Telephone Spending Trends, 2000 to 2015

The average household spent about as much on cell phone service in 2015 as it spent on landline service in 2000, after adjusting for inflation...

Cell phone service (in 2015 dollars)
$1,023 in 2015
   $164 in 2000

Landline service (in 2015 dollars)
   $324 in 2015
$1,043 in 2000

Source: Demo Memo analysis of the Consumer Expenditure Surveys

Tuesday, September 20, 2016

Median Household Income by State, 2015

Median household income varies greatly by state. Maryland has the highest median household income—36 percent above the national median of $55,775, according to the 2015 American Community Survey. Mississippi has the lowest—27 percent below the national median.

States with the highest median household income, 2015
$75,847 in Maryland
$75,628 in Washington, DC
$73,486 in Hawaii
$73,355 in Alaska
$72,222 in New Jersey

States with the lowest median household income, 2015
$45,215 in Kentucky
$44,765 in Alabama
$42,019 in West Virginia
$41,995 in Arkansas
$40,593 in Mississippi

Source: Census Bureau, 2015 American Community Survey

Monday, September 19, 2016

1 Million Fewer Married Couples with Children

The number of married couples with children under age 18 fell by 1 million between 2010 and 2016, according to Census Bureau data, the only household type to decline during those years. Behind the decline is the postponement of marriage and childbearing by young adults.

Married couples with children under age 18
2016: 25.1 million (20% of households)
2010: 26.1 million (22% of households)

Source: Census Bureau, Current Population Survey

Friday, September 16, 2016

Trust in Mass Media Has Plummeted

Americans' trust in the mass media has fallen to a new low, reports Gallup. From a high of 72 percent in 1976, the percentage of Americans who say they have a fair amount/great deal of trust in the mass media fell to just 32 percent in 2016. A major reason for the all-time low, says Gallup, is plummeting trust among Republicans...

Fair amount/great deal of trust in mass media in 2016 (and 2015)
Democrats: 51% (55%)
Independents: 30% (33%)
Republicans: 14% (32%)

Source: Gallup, Americans' Trust in Mass Media Sinks to New Low

Thursday, September 15, 2016

Median Home Value Rises in 2015

Home values are rising, according to America's homeowners. The median value of owned homes climbed by a substantial 7.2 percent between 2014 and 2015, after adjusting for inflation. The nation's homeowners estimated their home's value to be a median of $194,500 in 2015, according to the American Community Survey. This is 10 percent more than the post-Great Recession low of $176,931 in 2013, but still 12 percent below the all-time high of $222,108 in 2007.

Median housing value, 2007 to 2015 (in 2015 dollars)
2015: $194,500
2014: $181,415
2013: $176,931
2012: $177,458
2011: $182,921
2010: $195,543
2009: $204,606
2008: $217,529
2007: $222,108

Source: Census Bureau, American Community Survey

Wednesday, September 14, 2016

Median Earnings of Women Hit All-Time High in 2015

The median earnings of women who work full-time reached an all-time high of $40,742 in 2015. In contrast, men's earnings peaked in 1973. Among full-time workers, women earned 80 percent as much as men in 2015, up from 57 percent in 1973.

Median earnings of men who work full-time (in 2015 dollars)
2015: $51,212
2014: $50,441
2007: $51,570
2000: $51,269
1973: $53,356 (peak year)

Median earnings of women who work full-time (in 2015 dollars)
2015: $40,742 (peak year)
2014: $39,667
2007: $40,126
2000: $37,796
1973: $30,217

Source: Census Bureau, Historical Income Tables: People

Tuesday, September 13, 2016

5.2% Increase in Median Household Income in 2015

After seven long years of decline and stagnation, median household income finally registered a statistically significant gain in 2015, and it was a big one. The $56,516 median household income of 2015 was a substantial 5.2 percent higher than the 2014 median, after adjusting for inflation. The gains were enjoyed by both young and old...

Median household income in 2015 (and % change 2014-15; in 2015 dollars)
Under age 25: $36,108 (4.2%)
Aged 25 to 34: $57,366 (5.6%)
Aged 35 to 44: $71,417 (7.0%)
Aged 45 to 54: $73,857 (4.2%)
Aged 55 to 64: $62,802 (3.5%)
Aged 65-plus: $38,515 (4.3%)

Source: Census Bureau, Income and Poverty in the United States: 2015

Monday, September 12, 2016

Decline in Nursing Home Residents

The number of nursing home residents has fallen steadily since 1997 as home health care and residential care options have expanded. Between 1997 and 2014, the number of nursing home residents fell 9 percent—despite a 26 percent increase in the 65-plus population and a 57 percent increase in the number of people aged 85-plus.

Fewer nursing home residents
2014: 1,369,000
2010: 1,396,000
2005: 1,436,000
2000: 1,480,000
1997: 1,503,000

Source: National Center for Health Statistics, Long-Term Care Providers and Services Users in the United States: Data from the National Study of Long-Term Care Providers, 2013-2014, and Health United States, 2015

Friday, September 09, 2016

Health Insurance by Region, 2016

Only 11.9 percent of adults aged 18 to 64 were without health insurance when interviewed by the National Health Interview Survey in January-March 2016. This is down from 20.4 percent in 2013, the year before implementation of the Affordable Care Act's health insurance exchanges. Health insurance coverage of working-age adults varies greatly by region...

Percent of 18-to-64-year-olds without health insurance, January-March 2016
  5.9% in New England states
  7.8% in East North Central states
  8.0% in Middle Atlantic states
  9.1% in West North Central states
10.7% in Pacific states
11.7% in East South Central states
12.2% in Mountain states
14.9% in South Atlantic states
24.2% in West South Central states

Source: National Center for Health Statistics, Health Insurance Coverage: Early Release of Estimates from the National Health Interview Survey, January-March 2016

Thursday, September 08, 2016

The Food Dollar: 50% Devoted to Restaurants

When Americans buy food, they devote most of their budget to convenience, according to the USDA's Economic Research Service. Half of the average household's food budget is devoted to the most convenient food of all—restaurant meals. Another 26 percent is spent on ready-to-eat or ready-to-cook foods. Only 5 percent of the food dollar is spent on basic ingredients. Here's how the average American household allocates its food spending...

Distribution of household spending on food by food convenience type
Fast-food restaurants: 27 percent. Defined as meals and snacks at establishments where customers order and pay for food at a counter.
Sit-down restaurants: 23 percent. Defined as meals and snacks at establishments where customers order and pay for food from waitstaff.
Ready-to-eat food: 18 percent. Defined as meals and snacks intended to be consumed as is, requiring no preparation beyond opening a container such as yogurt, candy, flavored milk, etc.
Complex ingredients: 18 percent. Defined as processed food usually composed of multiple ingredients such as bread, pasta, lunch meat, cereal, etc.
Ready to cook food: 8 percent. Defined as meals and snacks that require minimal preparation involving heating, cooking, or adding hot water such as frozen pizza, pudding mixes, soup, etc.
Basic ingredients: 5 percent. Defined as raw or minimally processed food usually composed of a single ingredient such as milk, rice, butter, fresh meat, fruit, and vegetables.

Source: USDA, Economic Research Service, U.S. Households' Demand for Convenience Foods

Wednesday, September 07, 2016

Spending by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2015

Regardless of race or Hispanic origin, households spent more in 2015 than in 2014 after adjusting for inflation. The 2014–15 rise in average household spending was almost identical for Blacks, Hispanics, and non-Hispanic Whites (4.5 to 4.6 percent), while the increase for Asians was more muted (1.3 percent).

Average household spending is still below the 2006 peak, but Blacks and non-Hispanic Whites have almost closed the gap...

Average household spending in 2015 (and % change 2006–15; in 2015 dollars)
Average household: $55,978 (–1.6%)
Asian households: $63,672 (–5.9%)
Black households: $40,372 (–0.7%)
Hispanic households: $47,663 (–5.8%)
Non-Hispanic White households: $60,072 (–0.5%)

Source: Demo Memo analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics, Consumer Expenditure Survey

Tuesday, September 06, 2016

Median Household Income Stable in July 2016

Last month Sentier Research played a leading role in a New York Times story about a potential rise in median household income after years of stagnation following the Great Recession. Sentier's monthly estimates have shown median household income to be significantly higher in 2015 than in 2014, after adjusting for inflation. Next week we will find out whether Sentier and the Times are right about this, when the Census Bureau releases the official 2015 income estimates.

Meanwhile, Sentier is halfway through 2016 with its median household income estimates, and the story is still positive. Median household income in July 2016 stood at $57,190. This was not significantly different from the June 2016 median, after adjusting for inflation, but it was 1.7 percent higher than the July 2015 median and 9.3 percent above the $52,320 median of August 2011—the low point in Sentier's household income series. 

"There has been a general upward trend in median household income since the post-recession low point reached in August 2011," reports Sentier. Its median household income estimates are derived from the Census Bureau's monthly Current Population Survey.

Median household income in July 2016 was 2.0 percent higher than the median of June 2009, which marked the end of the Great Recession. It was not significantly different from the median of December 2007, the start of the Great Recession. The July 2016 median was 1.1 percent below the median of January 2000. The Household Income Index for July was 98.9 (January 2000 = 100.0).

Source: Sentier ResearchHousehold Income Trends: July 2016